开头是作文在阅卷老师面前的第一次亮相，它将决定你所写的文章在阅卷老师心中所留下的第一印象。如果第一印象好，就意味着有了良好的开端，也就成功了一半。Good beginning is half done，我们该怎样一提起笔就让自己成功一半呢?
1. 对于叙事类的文章，可以在开头把人物、时间、事件和环境交代清楚。如“A Trip to Huangshan(黄山之旅)”的开头可以是：Last month, my family went to Huangshan by train. It took us ten hours to get there. What a long and tiring journey! We were tired but the beautiful scenery excited us.
2. 对于论述性的文章，可以在开头处先阐明自己的观点，接着展开进一步的论述。如“The Time and the Money(时间和金钱)” 的开头可以是：Most people say that money is more important than time. But I don’t think so. First, when money is used up, you can earn it back， but……
在描述事件或游记类的文章中，采用回忆性的`开头往往更能吸引人的眼球。这种类型的开头中通常含有描述自己心情或情绪的词汇，如never forget (永远无法忘记), remember (记得)，unforgettable (难以忘怀的), exciting(令人激动的)，surprising(令人惊讶的), sad (难过的)……如“A Trip to Huangshan(黄山之旅)”的开头还以这样写：I will never forget my first trip to Huangshan. 或It was really an unforgettable experience I had.
在叙事类或论述性的文章中，都可采用疑问型开头，这样既可以吸引阅卷者的注意又容易抓住中心。如“Planting Trees(种树)”的开头可以是：Have you ever planted trees? Don’t you think planting trees is ……
再如“Traveling Abroad(出国之旅)”的开头可以是：If you have an opportunity to travel abroad, why not consider Singapore?
在有的文章，特别是叙事类的文章中，可以采用倒叙的写作手法，先写出事件的结果，再陈述过程。如“Catching Thieves (捉贼)”的开头可以这样写：I lay in bed in the hospital. I smiled at my friends even though my legs hurt.
Do you want to know what happened to me? Let me tell you. It’s a … story.
[原文]my parents praised ah fu warmly. it had saved my little sister bravely.
[修正]my parents praised ah fu warmly. it was our brave ah fu who had saved my little sister
[原文]we had to stand there to catch the offender.
[修正]what we had to do was (to) stand there， trying to catch the offender.
what china has achieved in recent years is known through the world. china is no longer what it used to be.
he sat in a chair with a newspaper in the hand.
satisfied with the result， he decided to go on with a new experiment.
only in this way can we achieve our goal.
never before have i seen such a wonderful film.
if so， victory will be ours.
you can make some changes wherever necessary.
failure is not a crime， but failure to learn from failure is.
when i play， i feel excited， and after it i feel relaxed.
[原文]he stopped us half an hour ago. he made us catch the next offender.
[修正]he stopped us half an hour ago and made us catch the next offender.
[原文]we had a short rest. then we began to play happily. we sang and danced.
some told stories. some played chess.
[修正]after a short rest， we had great fun singing and dancing，telling jokes and playing chess.
①递进: then(然后)， besides(还有)， furthermore(而且)， moreover(此外)等。
②转折: however(然而)， but(但是)， on the country(相反)， after all(毕竟)等。
③总结: finally(最后)， at last(最后)， in brief(总之)， in conclusion(最后)等。
④强调: indeed(确实)， certainly(一定)， surely(确定)， above all(尤其)等。
⑤对比: in the same way(同样地)， just as(正如)， on the one hand…on the other hand(一方面……另一方面……)等。
[原文]a new railway is being built in my hometown.
[修正]a new railway is under construction in my hometown.
thank you for sharing the time with us.
the way he views the world is very practical.
[原文]i like reading while my brother likes watching television.
[修正]i like reading while my brother enjoys watching television.
随着文章的结束，文章自然而然地结尾。如“Helping the Policeman(帮助警察)”的结尾可以是：The two children were praised by the police and they felt happy.
再如“The Tortoise aand the Hare(龟兔赛跑)” 的结尾可以是：When the hare got to the tree, the tortoise had already been there。
在文章的结尾可以用含义较深的话点明主题，深化主题，起到“画龙点睛”的效果。如“I Love My Hometown(我爱家乡)”的结尾可以是：I love my hometown, and I am proud of it.
这种方式的结尾虽然形式是问句，但意义却是肯定的，而且具有一定的强调作用，可引起他人的深思。如 “Learning English can Give us a Lot of
Pleasure (学英语能为我们带来许多乐趣)” 的结尾可以是：If we learn English well, we can …Don’t you think learning English is great fun?
这种方式的结尾常出现在书信或演讲稿的文体中，表示对他人的祝福或对将来的展望等。如“A Letter to the Farmers(给农民们的一封信)”的结尾可以是：I hope the farmers’ life will be better and better.
另外，书信的结尾常有以下形式的祝福语：Best wishes;I wish you a merry Christmas and a happy new year;I wish you have a good time等。
How to learn English well
English is important and useful to us. How can we learn it well? Here are my suggestions.
First, we should often listen to the tapes, English songs and programs. Watching English movies is also helpful to us. Second, we should speak English in class as much as possible. Don't be afraid of making mistakes. The more you speak, the fewer mistakes you'll make. We'd better join the English club and practice with others. Third, we can read more English newspapers and magazines. It's good for us. At last, we should recite some good passages and keep diaries.
In a word, as long as we do more listening, speaking, reading and writing, we will learn English well.
How to learn English
English is one of the most important languages in the world. It’s necessary（必要） for us to learn it well. How do you study it well? Everyone can learn Englsih well in different ways. I think the best way it’s that we must listen more, speak more and read more. We should practice them every day. It’s good for you if you are interested in English. One more thing, remember “Practice makes perfect”.（熟能生巧）