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定语从句中的that的用法 that的用法

定语从句中的that的用法

  that在定语从句中的用法总结

  (1)不用that的情况

  (a) 在引导非限定性定语从句时。

  (错)The tree, that is four hundred years old, Is very famous here.

  (b) 介词后不能用。

  We depend on the land from which we get our food.

  We depend on the land that/which we get our food from.

  (2) 只能用that作为定语从句的关系代词的情况

  (a) 在there be 句型中,只用that,不用which。

  (b) 在不定代词,如:anything, nothing, the one, all等作先行词时,只用that,不用which。

  (c) 先行词有the only, the very,the same,the last,just修饰时,只用that。

  (d) 先行词为序数词、数词、形容词最高级时,只用that,不能用which。.

  (e) 先行词既有人,又有物时。

  (f) 先行词指物,在主句中作表语时.

  (g) 为了避免重复.

  (h)先行词是the way或the reason时,that可作关系副词,也可省略

  (i) 主句的主语是疑问词who /which时

  注意在以下8种情况下,指物时用that 不用which

  1.先行词是all,any,everything,anything,nothing ,something,much,little,few,none ,the one 等时① There is much that should be used.

  ② You can take any seat that is free.

  2.先行词被all,any ,no,only,little,much,very,every,some,few,none 等修饰时① I have read all the books (that) you gave me.

  ② Every dictionary that our library bought is good.

  3.当先行词前有形容词的最高级修饰时① This is the most interesting book that I have ever read.

  4.先行词前有序数词修饰时,包括 the last.① The first lesson that I learned will never be forgotten.

  ② The Great Wall is the last place that Mr.Smith is going to visit before he leaves Beijing.

  5.在以 which,who作主语的.特殊疑问句中的定语从句中① Who is the man that is reading a book there?

  ② Which is the magazine that you borrowed from the reading room?

  6.当先行词既有表示人又有表示物的词时① We talked of the things and persons that we remembered.

  7.当先行词在定语从句中做表语时,无论先行词是人还是物① China is no longer the country that she was.

  8.主句以there be 开头时① There is little that I can do to make up for the lost time.

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